A Brooklyn-based podiatrist, Dr. William M. Levine also serves outlying communities such as Sands Point, New York. In addition to complex foot surgery, Dr. William Levine handles simpler procedures, such as the removal of bunions.
Bunions are lumps that appear on the bone of the big toe. Bunions put the toe in an abnormal position, which crowds the other toes and causes pain. Too-tight shoes are a common cause of bunions.
Several non-surgical treatments exist. The first involves wearing shoes that leave a lot of space around the toes. Patients can also use tape and padding to return the joints to their optimal position. Pain medications such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or naproxen are other non-invasive procedures. Injected cortisone may also reduce pain. Shoe inserts or arch supports help balance the load between both feet.
If these measures do not bring relief, surgery may be necessary. The most common procedure is the bunionectomy, which includes the removal of swollen tissue and part of the bone to permit realignment. Permanent joining of the bones of the big toe is the last step.